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Chinese Education
  • The education system in China divides into four categories, which include Primary education, Secondary education, Higher education and Adult education. Also, China has Compulsory Education Law, that is to say all the children can enjoy nine years formal education. Under the Compulsory Education Law, each child will attend six years of primary education, followed by three years of junior middle school.
    Primary Education
    Primary education includes pre-school education and elementary education. Pre-school or kindergarten is generally three years, with children entering as early as age three, until they enter elementary school at age six. Elementary school is from the first grade to the sixth grade. The academic year is divided into two semesters, each

    consisting of 19 weeks, with a total of 38 weeks study for one year. During each semester, there will be mid-term exam in the 10th week and final exam in the 19th week. Also, there will be 40 days’ summer holiday and 21 days’ winter holiday.

    Secondary Education
    Secondary education is divided into regular secondary education and vocational and technical secondary education. Regular secondary education consists of junior middle school and senior middle school. Junior middle school offers a three year course of study, which students begin at the age of twelve. Senior middle school offers a three year course too, which students begin at age fifteen. The regular secondary-school year usually had two semesters, totaling nine months. The academic curriculum consisted of Chinese, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, geology, foreign language, history, geography, political science, music, fine arts, and physical education.

    In some rural areas, largely because of parental attitudes, there was a high dropout rate among rural students in general and among secondary students in particular. All students, however, especially males, were encouraged to attend secondary school if it would lead to entrance to a college or university and escape from village life.

    In China, middle schools are viewed as laying the foundation for entering colleges and universities. Therefore, senior-middle-school is very important for every student. With China’s development and open her door to the world, middle school students are offered the prospect of higher education, meanwhile, they are also confronted with the fact that university admission is limited. Middle schools are evaluated in terms of their success in sending graduates on for higher education, although efforts persist to educate young people to take a place in society as valued and skilled members of the work force.

    Students graduate from junior middle school can enter a vocational or technical school, which embrances higher vocational schools, secondary skill schools, vestibule schools, vocational high schools, job-finding centers and other adult skill and social training institutes. Recent years, in order to provide high quality, skilled workers to meet modern society’s demand, the government has new rules for vocational education, oriented towards obtaining employment, and focusing on two major vocational education projects. The length of training is typically three years.

    Higher Education
    Chinese Higher education at the undergraduate level is divided into three-year and four-year colleges and universities. Many colleges and universities also offer graduate programs, leading to the Master degrees and Doctor Degrees. Each college and university is equipped with dormitories and dinning hall for students to accommodate in the campus. Also, in order to provide convenience for overseas students, there are dormitories and dinning hall for them to use. You just need to take your own everyday items. Countless higher educational opportunities also fall under the general category of adult education.

    Adult Education
    Adult Education category overlaps all the above categories. It contains Workers' Primary Schools, Peasants' Primary Schools, and Literacy classes. Adult secondary education includes radio/TV specialized secondary schools, specialized secondary schools for cadres, specialized secondary schools for staff and workers, specialized secondary schools for peasants, in-service teacher training schools, and correspondence specialized secondary schools. Adult higher education includes radio/TV universities, cadre institutes, workers' colleges, peasant colleges, correspondence colleges, and educational colleges. Most of the above colleges offer both short-cycle curricula as well as regular undergraduate curricula.

    In addition, generally, the system of grades used in China to judge students’ performance is a five-scale or a four-scale system.

    Five-Scale System:
    A  Excellent
    B  Good
    C  Average
    D  Satisfactory
    F  Unsatisfactory (Fail)Four-Scale System:

    A  Excellent
    B  Good
    C  Satisfactory
    D  Unsatisfactory (Fail)

    Sometimes, the Latin letter grades (A, B, C, D, and F) will be used instead of the above ones. And numerical grades (generally a 0-100 scale) are often used to give a mark for mathematics, English translation or composition; when enter college or university, Pass and Fail are often used for a certain exam.